The flagship station wagon model of the
Land Cruiser has been completely redesigned.
The identity of the new Land Cruiser 300 Series has been reshaped by merging cutting-edge technologies with technologies accumulated over many years, enabling the driver to drive on any type of road in the world without tiring. The new Land Cruiser was launched worldwide in June 2021. When designing the new model it was essential to create a vehicle that would inherit and evolve from the Land Cruiser’s essence of reliability, durability and off-road performance. The Land Cruiser 300 was created to ensure the best driving experience. With these objectives in mind, Toyota retained the same frame structure, and allied it with the new GA-F platform, which is based on the TNGA philosophy. Ensuring the vehicle’s identity the new Land Cruiser’s twin development themes of “inheritance and evolution” and “easy to drive and difficult to tire” are reflected in every aspect of the vehicle.
The fourth-generation Land Cruiser Prado was launched in September 2009. While the Prado had been sharing the chassis with the Hilux Surf since May 1996, the two lines finally merged as the fourth-generation Prado. In the domestic market, only long wheelbase models (2,790 mm) were made available, although short wheelbase models continued to be offered overseas. Principal mechanical components, including the suspension and the lineup of 2.7-liter 4-cylinder and 4-liter V6 engines, were unchanged from the predecessor’s. New features included the crawl control system for facilitating off-road driving at a very low speed, as well as the multi-terrain select system that could optimize the drive settings for any given off-road conditions. The second-row seats could slide back and forth to adjust the legroom, and the seat on the left automatically slid forward when the seatback was tilted forward, providing walk-in access to the third-row seats. The third-row seats could be automatically stowed or restored by a flick of a switch. The floor in front of the third-row seats was lowered by 50 mm to enhance ride comfort and utility.
The Land Cruiser 200 Series was launched in September 2007 as the successor to the 100 Series, expanding the length and width by 60 mm and 30 mm, respectively. Adopting a redesigned separate frame structure, the new Land Cruiser featured enhanced rigidity, durability, collision safety, and interior comfort.
The world’s first “crawl control” feature was standard equipped to automatically maintain a very low speed when driving on surfaces such as rocks or sand and on steep hills. A newly developed Torsen LSD transfer unit also came standard on all models, which could instantly change drive power distribution to match road conditions to deliver smooth and stable driving performance. The 200 Series was marketed in more than 100 countries as a high-end sport utility vehicle (SUV).
The third-generation Land Cruiser Prado was released in October 2002. The newly designed high rigidity frame delivered enhanced maneuverability, vehicle stability, and quietness. The newly developed Torsen LSD transfer unit in the center differential boosted both on-road and off-road performance. The active traction control system (TRC) could perform complex adjustments of uphill/downhill driving to improve off-road drivability, while the H∞-TEMS and electronically controlled rear air suspension systems reinforced on-road maneuverability, vehicle stability, and ride comfort.
The choice of engines included 3.4- and 2.7-liter V6 gasoline units and a 3.0-liter inter-cooled turbo diesel unit.
The Land Cruiser 100 was released in January 1998 as the successor to the Land Cruiser 80. The 100 improved its basic 4-wheel-drive (4WD) performance and enhanced its prestigious image as a luxury 4WD vehicle. The 5-door wagon body retained the separate frame structure, while the body dimensions were expanded to increase the cabin size. The 4-speed automatic ECT-i transmission combination was newly developed. The drivetrain employed a full-time 4WD configuration with a sub transmission.
With the second-generation model released in May 1996, the Land Cruiser Prado line steered toward a more passenger-oriented 4-wheel-drive (4WD) vehicle. Both the short-wheelbase 3-door model (5-seater) and the long-wheelbase 5-door model (8-seater) became larger than their predecessors, and were classified as “3 number” vehicles. The two models were distinguished by their front styling including the headlamp design: the short-bodied model had a sportier look, whereas the long-bodied model appeared more rugged.
The engine lineup consisted of a newly included 3.4-liter 185 PS V6 DOHC gasoline engine (5VZ- FE) and a 3-liter 4-cylinder SOHC turbo diesel unit (1KZ-TE) that had powered the previous model, although the latter increased its output to 140 PS with the addition of an intercooler. The drivetrain configuration was switched from part-time 4WD to full-time 4WD. The same suspension was used for both the Prado and the Hilux Surf, consisting of an independent double wishbone and coil spring system for the front and a 4-link coil spring system with a lateral rod for the rear. A 2.7-liter 150 PS 4-cylinder DOHC gasoline engine (3RZ-FE) was added to the lineup in April 1997, and the turbo diesel unit was replaced with a 3-liter common rail diesel unit (1KD-FTV) producing 170 PS in July 2000.
This model succeeded the 60 Series in October 1989, adding an 8-seater station wagon to the lineup. Its body length and width were increased to 4,970 mm and 1,930 mm, respectively, while the styling, specifications, and equipment were upgraded to the level of a luxury sport utility vehicle (SUV). The ride comfort was improved and the full-time 4-wheel-drive system with a center differential was adopted. The vehicle’s luxury SUV concept, as well as its superior performance and robustness under harsh natural conditions, won high admiration all around the world.
In November 1984, the Land Cruiser 70-series was launched as the successor to the 40 series. As 4-wheel-drive vehicles were becoming increasingly popular for transporting passengers as well as for their original use as commercial vehicles, the Land Cruiser renewed the external styling and improved its ride comfort, drivability, and ease of use to satisfy new demand. The new styling retained the overall image of the 40 series, while adopting a curved glass for the windshield. The cabin became more spacious, and the utility was also enhanced. An FRP-top model was added to the body variations which included a soft-top and vans. Five wheelbases ranging from 2,310 mm to 3,180 mm were offered to answer a wide range of needs, and a chassis for mounting a custom designed coachwork was also made available. In 1999, the leaf spring of the rigid axil front suspension were replaced with coil springs to improve ride comfort. The engine lineup included 4-,5- and 6-cylinder units for both gasoline-powered and diesel models, and a 4.5-liter V8 diesel unit was also made available.
The Land Cruiser is offered in three main variations: Pickup (79), station wagon (76) and wagon (78).
Known to be indestructible, the LC70 series has been at the helm of 4x4 African motoring for more than 60 years. Tackle the toughest terrain with ease behind the wheel of the Land Cruiser 70 series.
The Land Cruiser 60 series was produced from 1980 through 1990. The 60 Series was released in August 1980 as the successor to the 55 Series. While the export model was a station wagon, the domestic model was classified as a van (commercial-use vehicle). It is a front engine, four-door wagon which can welcome five to eight people. The external appearance was substantially renewed.
By 1980 passenger cars were changing and becoming rather more city and town oriented than previously.
The gasoline engine was upgraded to a 4.2-liter unit (2F), and a 3.4-liter diesel engine was also introduced. The front bench seating was replaced with separate seats to better support the driver’s posture, thereby reducing the passenger capacity from six to five. Availability of air conditioning, power steering, and fabric seats also appealed to a wide range of individual users.
Later on, models with high-powered engines with turbocharger and EFI were also introduced later in the model life, along with such devices as automatic transmission and diff lock systems.
The Land Cruiser 55 was produced from 1967 to 1980. Toyota refers to the FJ55G and FJ55V as the first “real” station wagon in the Land Cruiser series, thus marking the beginning of the station wagon bodystyle.
In 1967, Toyota created the J5, a series of vehicles with a different design than J4 LandCruisers. They were comfortable and stylish, while maintaining the indestructible reputation that had been earned by previous models. Its off-road capabilities made it the vehicle of choice for many families who wanted to go on an adventure.
The dimensions of the LC 55 were slightly larger a with a larger wheelbase than those of the LC 40. Mechanically the FJ55 was very much like the J40 and FJ45V; it used the same 3.9 liter Type F gasoline/petrol inline six cylinder engine, three speed gearbox, and high/low range transfer box. The suspension was the same live axles with leaf springs front and rear, and the brakes were drums all around.
From 1960 until 2001. The story of the Toyota Land Cruiser J Series (FJ40 / BJ40 etc) starts in the Philippines during the Second World War, the Japanese had invaded the nation,
Toyota get the physical size right but they also fitted the vehicle with a more powerful engine: Toyota Type B 3.4 liter OHV inline six cylinder gasoline engine which delivered a healthy 84hp at 3,600 rpm and torque of 159 lb/ft at a low and useful 1,600 rpm
Of all the things that emerged in the early 1960s the Toyota Land Cruiser J40 proved to be one of the most practical and durable new things of all, especially one with a diesel engine and a decent two-way radio.
In 1974 the four-speed gearbox replaced the three speed. The Land Cruiser was also offered with the four cylinder 3.0 liter Type B diesel engine. With a compression ratio of 21:1 this engine produced 80 hp at 3,600 rpm and 141 lb/ft torque at 2,200 rpm.
History. 1955 – The Second generation of the Land Cruiser called the 20 Series was introduced. It was designed to have a more civilian appeal than the BJ for export reasons. It also had more stylish bodywork and a better ride courtesy of longer four-plate leaf springs which had been adapted from the Toyota Light Truck. It was an upgrade of the original BJ and FJ. The suspension was improved with the fitting of four plate leaf springs inherited from a Toyota light truck and the body styling was also made more attractive.
This model featured the curved fenders and hood/bonnet style that would define the look of the J40 series that was to come.
Toyota had developed a military-truck prototype beginning of 1951: The Toyota Jeep BJ. It was motivated by the company’s B-type 3.4-liter inline-six engine and featured styling that was inspired by the off-road-friendly, military-spec Jeeps driven by U.S. forces stationed in Japan. Although the Japanese brand’s military truck would be passed over by the country’s National Police Reserve Forces for the Willys Jeep, Toyota made enough of an impression that it soon was commissioned for use as a patrol car for Japan’s National Police Agency. The Toyota Jeep BJ soon found itself in the crosshairs of Willys’ legal team, though, as the American automaker claimed ownership of the “Jeep” name and believed that Toyota was infringing on its trademark. In response, Toyota renamed the vehicle Land Cruiser and began selling it as such in the middle of 1954.